Other Wiring / October 8, 2017 / Eleanor Bustos.
Think of the atoms of magnetic material as an unruly herd of cattle. Running electric current through the material will polarize these atoms, creating the magnetic field. But as I mentioned, this is an unruly herd, so it takes time for the current to bring all those atoms into formation.
If you are confused by me saying that the current flows from positive to negative, that just happens to be a historical convention. People like Benjamin Franklin, who helped figure out the mystery of electricity back in the 18th century, believed it was a flow of positive charges, so it flowed from positive to negative. We call this idea conventional current and still use it to this day in things like Fleming Left-Hand Rule.
Using the ohmmeter, find the pair of wires that has the highest resistence as measured in ohms. This will give you your common and lowest speed tap. Using each of these two leads in turn, find the pair that gives you the the second-highest resistance. This should provide you the common and second-lowest speed tap and should also allow you to isolate which of the two leads from the first test is the common.
Wiring diagrams happen to be a perfect vehicle for carrying the principles of technicians beyond nuts & bolts. First, the simple act of color-coding helps to bring out the true wealth of your knowledge and is an excellent step in diagram analysis. Beyond that, it is an amazing tool for developing the awareness needed to get on the road to becoming an expert learner.