Other Wiring / September 6, 2017 / Dorothy Blalock.
If the coil of wire could carry on moving like this, it would rotate continuously—and we did be well on the way to making an electric motor. But that ca not happen with our present setup: the wires will quickly tangle up. Not only that, but if the coil could rotate far enough, something else would happen. Once the coil reached the vertical position, it would flip over, so the electric current would be flowing through it the opposite way. Now the forces on each side of the coil would reverse. Instead of rotating continuously in the same direction, it would move back in the direction it had just come! Imagine an electric train with a motor like this: it would keep shuffling back and forward on the spot without ever actually going anywhere.
The power of simple is manifested in that others were able to build from the foundation Einstein identified and defined. They were able to accomplish things they most likely could not have otherwise. We also have experienced this phenomenon. Consider Ohm law. Georg Ohm did the hard work and broke down the complex to a simple law. We use the principles contained in that law as a starting point to understand the complexities of electricity and circuit dynamics.
A simple, experimental motor such as this is not capable of making much power. We can increase the turning force (or torque) that the motor can create in three ways: either we can have a more powerful permanent magnet, or we can increase the electric current flowing through the wire, or we can make the coil so it has many "turns" (loops) of very thin wire instead of one "turn" of thick wire. In practice, a motor also has the permanent magnet curved in a circular shape so it almost touches the coil of wire that rotates inside it. The closer together the magnet and the coil, the greater the force the motor can produce.
The colors or numbers themselves are often a clue, but they alone may not provide sufficient information. There is always the trial and error method, but I do not recommend that because of the potential for destructive results. Instead, the Motor Doctors suggestion is to equip yourself with an ohmeter (don nott settle for just a continuity tester) and learn to perform a few simple tests with it.